Impact Of Sykes Picot Agreement

A year later, Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot drafted, on behalf of Great Britain and France, another secret agreement on the division of the Middle East. On 15 September, the British distributed a memory aid (which had been the subject of a private debate two days earlier between Lloyd George and Clemenceau [103]), in which the British withdrew their troops in Palestine and Mesopotamia and handed over Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo to Fayçal`s troops. While accepting the withdrawal, clemenceau continued to insist on the Sykes-Picot agreement as the basis for all discussions. [104] Following the agreement between Sazonov and Paleologist, Russia should also receive Western Armenia alongside Constantinople and the Turkish Strait, already promised under the 1915 Constantinople Convention. [8] Italy was closed to the Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne Convention in 1917 and received South Anatolia. [8] The Palestinian region, whose territory is smaller than later compulsory Palestine, should be under “international administration.” Sykes-Picot was a secret war agreement between the representatives of Great Britain and France, which established zones of influence in Mesopotamia and the Levant. The nations also communicated the agreement to Russia and Japan as war allies with a surrender to Tsarist Russia. Control of these countries should be taken away from Turkey if the Ottomans lost the war. Although many of the terms of the agreement were significantly altered by subsequent events and agreements, it is still considered a defining act of Franco-British colonial rule. In the Constantinople Agreement of 18 March 1915, after naval operations began in the run-up to the Gallipoli campaign, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Sazonov wrote to the French and British ambassadors to claim Constantinople and the Dardanelles. During a five-week series of diplomatic talks, the United Kingdom and France, although they made their own claims, agreed on greater influence in Iran in the case of the United Kingdom and on the annexation of Syria (including Palestine) and Cilicia for France.

The demands of the United Kingdom and France were unanimous and all parties agreed to leave the exact management of the holy sites to a subsequent settlement. [18] Without the Russian revolutions of 1917, Constantinople and the Strait could have been given after the Allied victory over Russia.