Following the ratification of bilateral agreements II, the Swiss government lowered its review of full EU membership from a “strategic objective” to an “option”, signalling that the nation is not ready to take steps to become a member of the EU. Switzerland and the European Union are now considering a third round of bilateral agreements, but differences have emerged between the EU and Switzerland over other bespoke agreements. Some EU officials have begun to reject Switzerland`s bilateral approach to relations with the EU, which they consider too bureaucratic. The EU also wants a broader agreement and Switzerland wants to automatically adopt EU law, but Switzerland insists on continuing the bilateral trend. Voters overwhelmingly decided to renew the agreement on free movement and extend the right to work in Switzerland to citizens of Bulgaria and Romania. If the agreement has not been renewed, the guillotine clause may have entered into force and all bilateral agreements I have been cancelled. The ongoing implementation of these agreements obliges Switzerland to adopt relevant EU legislation in the covered sectors. Switzerland is not a member state of the European Union (EU). It is linked to the Union through a series of bilateral agreements in which Switzerland has adopted various provisions of EU law to participate in the EU internal market without joining it as a member state.
All but one (the micro-state of Liechtenstein) of Switzerland`s neighbouring countries are EU member states. In 1992, Switzerland held a referendum on membership of the European Economic Area, which allows members of the European Free Trade Association to participate in the EU Single Market. The Swiss voted against EEA membership and chose to continue to adopt a strictly bilateral approach in their relations with the EU. Membership of the EEA would have forced Switzerland to take back part of EU law. In 2009, the Swiss voted in favour of extending the free movement of people to Bulgaria and Romania from 59.6% to 40.4%.  While the 2004/38/EC European Directive on the right of free movement and residence does not apply directly to Switzerland, the bilateral agreement between Switzerland and the EU on the free movement of persons has the same rights for both Swiss citizens and eee and their family members.  Of these thirteen votes, three are opposed to further integration into the EU or the reversal of EU integration (6 December 1992, 4 March 2001 and 9 February 2014); the other ten votes are in favour of deepening or maintaining integration between Switzerland and the European Union.  The EU and Switzerland meet regularly to discuss issues and best practices in implementing the agreement. Committees meet regularly. These figures are eloquent: the facilitation of tariffs works very well, because their legal basis is the customs agreement with the EU and many bilateral technical agreements with the four neighbouring EU Member States, which facilitate border controls of goods.
In 2004, a series of sectoral agreements (known as “bilateral II”) were signed, including Switzerland`s participation in Schengen and Dublin, as well as agreements on the taxation of savings, processed agricultural products, statistics, anti-fraud, participation in the EU media programme and the Environment Agency.